Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is an umbrella term that describes a range of common neurodevelopmental disorders affecting approximately 1% of the population. ASD are characterized by multilateral shortages, such as difficulties in communication and social interaction, repetitive, stereotypical behaviors and a limited scope of interests, mobility problems and disorders of language development, as well. These deficits do not follow the norm; on the contrary, great differentiation in their profiles and severity is observed between different people. ASD have, to a great degree, a hereditary, genetic basis however up to a decade ago, the researchers focusing on their neurobiological background were few. The present review study is an attempt to shed light on the neurobiological pathway of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Maria Sofologi, Eva Markou, Georgios A Kougioumtzis, Afroditi Kamari, Antonis Theofilidis and Elina Bonti