Dual Diagnosis: Open Access is a peer-reviewed and open access journal with an aim to provide rapid and reliable source of information in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide.
This scientific publishes all relevant topics in the area of dual diagnosis like Dual Diagnosis, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimers Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, Anxiety Diagnosis, OCD Diagnosis, Multiaxial Diagnosis, Cerebral palsy Diagnosis, Trigeminal Neuralgia Diagnosis, Peripheral Neuropathy Diagnosis, PDD Diagnosis, MDD Diagnosis, Dyspraxia Diagnosis, Dysautonomia Diagnosis, etc.
Although several important topics are mentioned, yet the journal will not be limiting the consideration for publication, other allied topics will be considered if found suitable under the wide scope of the journal.
Authors are encouraged to share their ideas and valuable research outcomes through this platform and provide the global readers updated and most important information in this regard.
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Authors are requested to submit manuscript as an e-mail attachemt to [email protected]
Dual diagnosis or co-occurring disorders is a term for someone who experiences a mental illness because of binge drinking, or the person abusing heroin during periods of mania. Alcohol and drug problem tend to occur with depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, etc. The symptoms of substance abuse include: sudden changes in behaviour, withdrawal from friends and family, loss of control over use of substances, developing tolerance and withdrawal symptoms.
If a person is suffering from mental illness with complications which are brought through drug abuse or alcohol, dual diagnosis is a term that accurately describes the condition. For depression, poor treatment management can result in frustration and a sense of hopelessness and a sense of hopelessness. Recovery depends on treating both mental health as well as addiction problems and recovery depends on treating both disorders, in which peer support can be helpful, there will be hope, and combined treatment will be best.
Clinical depression ranges in seriousness from mild, temporary episodes of sadness to severe, persistent depression, etc. It is very different from common experience of feeling unhappy, miserable or fed up for a short period of time. Signs and symptoms include depressed mood, reduced interest or feeling no pleasure, significant loss of weight, weight gain, fatigue or loss of energy, etc.
People with autism never get a proper diagnosis and there are no individual tests to conform a diagnosis of autism and still manage to live full and capable lives. A detailed assessment for autism may or may not be required. A focussed observation is done in order to observe specific skills and activities. Autism can be sometimes diagnosed at 18 months or younger.
Alzheimer’s diagnosis is usually done by using various methods and tools to determine whether a person who is having memory problems has possible Alzheimer’s disease or some other problem. Diagnosing Alzheimer’s requires careful medical evaluation that includes mental status testing, a physical and neurological exam, blood tests and brain imaging, etc.
The symptoms of schizophrenia can’t be explained by diagnosing with drugs or another mental illness. The diagnosis of schizophrenia is based on world health organization’s international statistical classification of diseases and related health problems or American psychiatric association’s diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. There is no test that can diagnose schizophrenia. Psychiatrists have most experience with diagnosing schizophrenia.
Anxiety disorders include specific phobias, panic disorders, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. These feeling may cause physical symptoms such as shakiness and racing heart. Symptoms can cause significant distress and impair normal functioning. Common treatment options include therapy, lifestyle changes and medications.
The term Obsessive-compulsive disorder also called as OCD it is a type of anxiety disorder. This disorder is the experience of prolonged, excessive worry about circumstances in their life. It is characterized by distressing, repetitive thoughts, impulses or images that are intense, frightening, absurd, or unusual. It′s sometimes difficult to diagnose OCD because symptoms can be similar to those of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, anxiety disorders, depression, schizophrenia or other mental illnesses. Diagnose of OCD include Physical exam , Lab tests like complete blood count (CBC) , Psychological evaluation about your thoughts, feelings, symptoms and behaviour patterns.
Multiaxial Diagnosis is a Psychiatry a mental disorder, the multiaxial approach was used by the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), which provides a more information for the evaluation of whole person; it is the best way for treatment planning and prognosis because it reflects the interrelated complexities of the various biological, psychological, and social aspects of a person′s condition. The DSM uses five different axis in order to rate and evaluate patients. AxisI includes clinical disorders (depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders. AxisII includes personality disorders and developmental disorders. AxisIII includes medical conditions like brain injury and medical disorders. AxisIV is concerned with psychosocial and environmental conditions. Axis V Global assessment of functioning.
The term Cerebral palsy also called as CP; Cerebral palsy is an abnormality of motor function it is due to the result of brain lesions that are nonprogressive (as opposed to mental function) and postural tone that is acquired at an early age, even before birth. Cerebral palsy affects generally seen one to three out of every thousand children born but it is much higher in infants born with very low weight and also in premature infants. Common tests that involve neurologists or neuroradiologists include neuroimaging, such as cranial ultrasound, computed tomography scan (CT scan), and magnetic resonance imaging scans (MRIs).
The term Trigeminal Neuralgia also called TN; it is a condition which is characterised by intermittent, shooting pain in the face. Trigeminal nerve is one of the largest nerves in the head. The trigeminal nerve sends impulses from the face to the brain , impulses like touch, pain, pressure, and temperature, jaw, gums, forehead, and around the eyes. It is only diagnosed with Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Tests can help out the other causes of facial disorders but test can determine with certainty the presence of trigeminal neuralgia.
Peripheral neuropathy is a term for a group of conditions in which the peripheral nervous system is damaged. Diagnosis usually requires a full medical history, Neurological examination, Imaging tests like CT or MRI scans Imaging tests, Nerve biopsy and Skin biopsy. Wide range of symptoms are seen due to damage of peripheral nerves numbness and tingling in the feet or hands , burning, stabbing or shooting pain in affected areas, loss of balance and co-ordination, muscle weakness especially in the feet.
PDDs called as "pervasive development disorders," it refers to a group of conditions that involve delays in the development of many basic skills, most notably the ability to socialize with others, to communicate, and to use imagination. These conditions are seen in Children around 3 years of age they often confused in their thinking and generally have problems in understanding the world and the thing going around them. There are five types of PDDs Autism, Asperger′s syndrome, Rett′s syndrome and Pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDDNOS). General symptoms include Difficulty with verbal communication, social interaction, adjusting to changes.
MDD called as “Major depressive disorder," and called with different names as clinical depression, major depression, unipolar depression, or unipolar disorder. It is a serious clinical mood disorder in which frustration, loss, or anger interferes with a person′s everyday life, feelings of sadness. Symptoms include irritability, difficulty with concentration, feelings of hopelessness, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, or self-hate, social isolation, and loss of interest, sleep problems (insomnia or excessive sleeping).
Dyspraxia is a disorder in which motor difficulties are caused. Dyspraxia is known by different names: developmental coordination disorder, motor learning difficulty, motor planning difficulty and apraxia of speech. Children with dyspraxia tend to struggle with balance and posture. They may appear clumsy and being separated with their environment. The different kinds of Dyspraxia are ideomotor dyspraxia, Ideational dyspraxia, Oromotor dyspraxia and Constructional dyspraxia.
Dysautonomia (autonomic dysfunction, autonomic neuropathy) it is a disorder of autonomic nervous system (ANS) function. Dysautonomia is a type of autonomic neuropathy affecting the nerves that carry information from the brain and spinal cord to different organs like heart, bladder, intestines, sweat glands, pupils, and blood vessels. The diagnosis can be achieved through functional testing of the autonomic nervous system by focusing on the organ system affected. Dysautonomia can be either primary dysautonomia (due to inherited or degenerative neurologic diseases) or secondary dysautonomia (due to injury of the autonomic nervous system). The symptoms of dysautonomia are Excessive fatigue, thirst (polydipsia), sweating and rapid heart rate.
Author(s): Sofologi M,Markou E,Kougioumtzis G, Kamari A,Tsanidous A, et al.
Author(s): Maria Sofologi, Euaggelia Markou, Georgios Kougioumtzis, Afroditi Kamari, Anastasia Tsanidou, Georgia-Nektaria Porfyri, Sofia Vavetsi , Sofia Giannoglou, Maria Efstratopoulou, Eleni Tsiviki, Eleni Bonti and Dimitrios Tachmatzidis
Author(s): Massimo C Mauri*
Author(s): McManus E, McCoy Stacey, Lynch DPL, Beer WD, Phillips CLM
Author(s): Maria Sofologi, Eva Markou, Georgios A Kougioumtzis, Afroditi Kamari, Antonis Theofilidis and Elina Bonti